It is a major port in the Willamette Valley region of the Pacific Northwest, at the confluence of the Willamette and Columbia Rivers.Roughly 60% of Oregon's population resides within the Portland metropolitan area.Large numbers of pioneer settlers began arriving in the Willamette Valley in the 1830s via the Oregon Trail, though life was originally centered in nearby Oregon City.
The initial focus will be on reducing use levels in critical areas, contacting the public to increase visitors’ wilderness awareness prior to their entry into the wilderness, and increasing ranger presence while maintaining visitor freedom within wilderness.
change and adjust; for example, if visitation in areas continues to see increasing impacts, or conversely, to increase allowed visitation in areas where use is not causing impacts.
At the turn of the 20th century, the city had a reputation as one of the most dangerous port cities in the world, a hub for organized crime and racketeering.
After the city's economy experienced an industrial boom during World War II, its hard-edged reputation began to dissipate.
Central Oregon – Beginning today, the Deschutes and Willamette National Forests are initiating a formal process to analyze strategies for managing increasing visitor use and the impacts from that use.
These areas are managed under the 1964 Wilderness Act. Washington, Three Sisters, Diamond Peak and Waldo Lake Wildernesses.The lumber industry also became a prominent economical presence, due to the area's large population of Douglas Firs, Western Hemlocks, Red Cedars, and Big Leaf Maple trees.The city housed a large number of saloons, bordellos, gambling dens, and boardinghouses which were populated with miners after the California Gold Rush, as well as the multitude of sailors passing through the port.Less than 10 miles from downtown, the Willamette River flows into the Columbia River, the fourth-largest river in the United States, which divides Oregon from Washington state. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 145.09 square miles (375.78 km and its center lies in southeast Portland. Helens, a highly active volcano 50 miles northeast of the city in Washington State, is easily visible on clear days and is close enough to have dusted the city with volcanic ash after its eruption on May 18, 1980.Portland is about 100 miles upriver from the Pacific Ocean on the Columbia. Portland's cityscape derives much of its character from the numerous bridges that span the Willamette River downtown, several of which are historic landmarks, and Portland has been nicknamed "Bridgetown" for many decades as a result.Portland's access to the Pacific Ocean via the Willamette and the Columbia rivers, as well as its easy access to the agricultural Tualatin Valley via the "Great Plank Road" (the route of current-day U. Route 26), provided the pioneer city with an advantage over other nearby ports, and it grew very quickly.