According to an article in the Elders' Journal – a Latter Day Saint newspaper published in Far West – "The Saints here are at perfect peace with all the surrounding inhabitants, and persecution is not so much as once named among them..." In 1837, problems at the Church's headquarters in Kirtland, Ohio, centering on the Kirtland Safety Society bank, led to schism.The Church relocated from Kirtland to Far West, which became its new headquarters.
All of the conflicts in the Mormon War occurred in a corridor 100 miles (160 km) to the east and northeast of Kansas City, Missouri.
As a result of the war, nearly all Mormons in Missouri, estimated at more than 10,000, were forced to leave the state.
The skirmish is often cited as the first serious violence of the 1838 Mormon War in Missouri.
Rumors among both parties spread that there were casualties in the conflict.
The specific dates of the war are from August 6, 1838, (the Gallatin election battle) to November 1, 1838, when Joseph Smith surrendered at Far West.
During the conflict 22 people were killed (three Mormons and one non-Mormon at Crooked River, The conflict was preceded by the eviction of the Mormons from Jackson County, Missouri, in 1833.With peace restored, Smith's group returned to Caldwell County.Black and others filed complaints against Smith and the other identifiable Mormon participants.They asked if the rumor was true, and demanded that he sign a document disavowing any connection to the vigilance committees.Black refused, but after meeting with Smith, he wrote and signed a document stating that he "is not attached to any mob, nor will attach himself to any such people, and so long as they [the Mormons] will not molest me, I will not molest them." At a meeting at Lyman Wight's home between leading Mormons and non-Mormons, both sides agreed not to protect anyone who had broken the law, and to surrender all offenders to the authorities.In 1834, Latter-day Saints attempted to effect a return to Jackson County with a quasi-military expedition known as Zion's Camp, but this effort also failed when the governor failed to provide the expected support.