During World War II Hungary was a member of the Axis powers, allied with the forces of Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy, Romania, and Bulgaria.In 1941, the Hungarian military participated in the occupation of Yugoslavia and the invasion of the Soviet Union.
A new government formally disbanded the ÁVH, declared its intention to withdraw from the Warsaw Pact, and pledged to re-establish free elections.
By the end of October, fighting had almost stopped and a sense of normality began to return.
When the delegation's release was demanded by the demonstrators outside, they were fired upon by the State Security Police (ÁVH) from within the building.
One student died and was wrapped in a flag and held above the crowd. As the news spread, disorder and violence erupted throughout the capital.
Under Rákosi's reign, the Security Police (ÁVH) began a series of purges, first within the Communist Party to end opposition to Rákosi's reign.
The victims were labeled as "Titoists," "western agents," or "Trotskyists" for as insignificant a crime as spending time in the West to participate in the Spanish Civil War.The revolt began as a student demonstration, which attracted thousands as they marched through central Budapest to the Parliament building, calling out on the streets using a van with loudspeakers.A student delegation, entering the radio building to try to broadcast the students' demands, was detained.The revolt spread quickly across Hungary and the government collapsed.Thousands organised into militias, battling the ÁVH and Soviet troops.However, the Hungarian Communist Party, a Marxist–Leninist group who shared the Soviet government's ideological beliefs, constantly wrested small concessions in a process named salami tactics, which sliced away the elected government's influence, despite the fact that it had received only 17% of the vote.