Many flee to islands in Georgian Bay; some seek refuge with the Ottawa, Petun, or French, while others become adopted captives of the Iroquois. Father Charles Garnier and Father Noel Chabanel, missionaries to the Petun at St.Jean, are tortured to death by the Iroquois, bringing the number of Jesuit martyrs to five.The successful revolt temporarily creates a power vacuum in western North America, which the French are quick to exploit.1682 - April 9; Rene Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, having descended the full length of the Mississippi with an exploring party of 23 Frenchmen and 31 Indians, claims all of the lands drained by the river and its tribu-taries for France and names it Louisiana.
The Delaware still on the Susquehanna stay neutral at first.Fort Duquesne (the present Pittsburgh) is built by the French where the Allegheny and Monongahela Rivers join to form the Ohio.At the invitation of Sieur Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac, Wyandots move south from Michilimackinac to settle in the vicinity of the new fort, but pro- and anti-French (anti-Catholic) divisions persist.Cadillac himself is hostile toward the Jesuits and their missionary efforts.1709-1742 - The Delaware gradually move in small groups from the Delaware River valley to lands controlled by the Iroquois on the West Branch of the Susquehanna in central Pennsylvania.A third Wyandot group, the Attiwandaronk, called the Neutrals because of their stance in Wyandot-Iroquois conflicts, occupies the country west of Niagara.1609 - July 30; Champlain accompanies a mixed war party of Hurons and Algonkins to the lake which now bears his name, where with his aid they inflict a major defeat on the Iroquois.
The Iroquois discover firearms.1629 - August 9; after a relief expedition sent by Richelieu from France is captured by privateers, Champlain is forced to surrender Quebec to the English.
Westernmost outpost of the Illinois district in Upper Louisiana, it is intended to keep a watchful eye on both the Spanish in Santa Fe and French fur traders in the area.
Under continuing pressure from British colonists, many Delaware drift west once more, crossing the Alleghenies into western Pennsylvania.
The town's French population still numbers just 65, with only 20 adult males. Hundreds of Hurons are put to death, along with Father Jean de Brebeuf and Father Gabriel Lalement.
March 16; 1,200 well-armed Iroquois launch coordinated attacks into Ouendake, wiping out the mission towns of St. Ossossane is abandoned as the Huron Confederacy disintegrates. In December, the Petun lose their principal town to the Iroquois.
A Shawnee colony called the Savannah is in South Carolina, where they form a buffer between the Cherokee and the Catawba.1652-c.1665 - The Wyandots and Ottawa move inland from Green Bay to the Mississippi River, then drift north to Chequamegon on Lake Superior in Sioux country, where they resume fur trade with the French.1653-1656 - The Erie lose a protracted war with the Iroquois. Ignace to find the great river described by the Illinois Indians.